CWE

Common Weakness Enumeration

A Community-Developed List of Software Weakness Types

CWE/SANS Top 25 Most Dangerous Software Errors
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ID

CWE-50: Path Equivalence: '//multiple/leading/slash'

Weakness ID: 50
Abstraction: Variant
Status: Incomplete
Presentation Filter:
+ Description

Description Summary

A software system that accepts path input in the form of multiple leading slash ('//multiple/leading/slash') without appropriate validation can lead to ambiguous path resolution and allow an attacker to traverse the file system to unintended locations or access arbitrary files.
+ Time of Introduction
  • Implementation
+ Applicable Platforms

Languages

All

+ Common Consequences
ScopeEffect
Confidentiality
Integrity

Technical Impact: Read files or directories; Modify files or directories

+ Observed Examples
ReferenceDescription
Read files with full pathname using multiple internal slash.
Server allows remote attackers to read arbitrary files via a GET request with more than one leading / (slash) character in the filename.
Server allows remote attackers to read arbitrary files via leading slash (//) characters in a URL request.
Server allows remote attackers to bypass authentication and read restricted files via an extra / (slash) in the requested URL.
Product allows local users to delete arbitrary files or create arbitrary empty files via a target filename with a large number of leading slash (/) characters.
Server allows remote attackers to bypass access restrictions for files via an HTTP request with a sequence of multiple / (slash) characters such as http://www.example.com///file/.
Product allows remote attackers to bypass authentication, obtain sensitive information, or gain access via a direct request to admin/user.pl preceded by // (double leading slash).
Server allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary commands via a URL with multiple leading "/" (slash) characters and ".." sequences.
Access directory using multiple leading slash.
Bypass access restrictions via multiple leading slash, which causes a regular expression to fail.
Archive extracts to arbitrary files using multiple leading slash in filenames in the archive.
+ Relationships
NatureTypeIDNameView(s) this relationship pertains toView(s)
ChildOfWeakness BaseWeakness Base41Improper Resolution of Path Equivalence
Development Concepts (primary)699
Research Concepts (primary)1000
ChildOfWeakness VariantWeakness Variant161Improper Neutralization of Multiple Leading Special Elements
Research Concepts1000
ChildOfCategoryCategory981SFP Secondary Cluster: Path Traversal
Software Fault Pattern (SFP) Clusters (primary)888
+ Taxonomy Mappings
Mapped Taxonomy NameNode IDFitMapped Node Name
PLOVER//multiple/leading/slash ('multiple leading slash')
Software Fault PatternsSFP16Path Traversal
+ Content History
Submissions
Submission DateSubmitterOrganizationSource
PLOVERExternally Mined
Modifications
Modification DateModifierOrganizationSource
2008-07-01Eric DalciCigitalExternal
updated Time_of_Introduction
2008-09-08CWE Content TeamMITREInternal
updated Relationships, Taxonomy_Mappings
2011-06-01CWE Content TeamMITREInternal
updated Common_Consequences
2012-05-11CWE Content TeamMITREInternal
updated Observed_Examples, Relationships
2012-10-30CWE Content TeamMITREInternal
updated Potential_Mitigations
2014-07-30CWE Content TeamMITREInternal
updated Relationships, Taxonomy_Mappings
Previous Entry Names
Change DatePrevious Entry Name
2008-04-11Path Issue - Multiple Leading Slash - //multiple/leading/slash

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Page Last Updated: January 18, 2017