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Common Weakness Enumeration

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ID

CWE-605: Multiple Binds to the Same Port

Weakness ID: 605
Abstraction: Base
Status: Draft
Presentation Filter:
+ Description

Description Summary

When multiple sockets are allowed to bind to the same port, other services on that port may be stolen or spoofed.
+ Time of Introduction
  • Architecture and Design
  • Implementation
  • Operation
+ Applicable Platforms

Languages

All

+ Common Consequences
ScopeEffect
Confidentiality
Integrity

Technical Impact: Read application data

Packets from a variety of network services may be stolen or the services spoofed.

+ Enabling Factors for Exploitation

On most systems, a combination of setting the SO_REUSEADDR socket option, and a call to bind() allows any process to bind to a port to which a previous process has bound with INADDR_ANY. This allows a user to bind to the specific address of a server bound to INADDR_ANY on an unprivileged port, and steal its udp packets/tcp connection.

+ Demonstrative Examples

Example 1

This code binds a server socket to port 21, allowing the server to listen for traffic on that port.

(Bad Code)
Example Language:
void bind_socket(void) {

int server_sockfd;
int server_len;
struct sockaddr_in server_address;

/*unlink the socket if already bound to avoid an error when bind() is called*/
unlink("server_socket");
server_sockfd = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0);

server_address.sin_family = AF_INET;
server_address.sin_port = 21;
server_address.sin_addr.s_addr = htonl(INADDR_ANY);
server_len = sizeof(struct sockaddr_in);

bind(server_sockfd, (struct sockaddr *) &s1, server_len);
}

This code may result in two servers binding a socket to same port, thus receiving each other's traffic. This could be used by an attacker to steal packets meant for another process, such as a secure FTP server.

+ Potential Mitigations

Phase: Policy

Restrict server socket address to known local addresses.

+ Relationships
NatureTypeIDNameView(s) this relationship pertains toView(s)
ChildOfWeakness ClassWeakness Class227Improper Fulfillment of API Contract ('API Abuse')
Development Concepts (primary)699
ChildOfWeakness BaseWeakness Base666Operation on Resource in Wrong Phase of Lifetime
Research Concepts1000
ChildOfWeakness ClassWeakness Class675Duplicate Operations on Resource
Research Concepts (primary)1000
ChildOfCategoryCategory954SFP Secondary Cluster: Multiple Binds to the Same Port
Software Fault Pattern (SFP) Clusters (primary)888
MemberOfViewView884CWE Cross-section
CWE Cross-section (primary)884
+ Taxonomy Mappings
Mapped Taxonomy NameNode IDFitMapped Node Name
Anonymous Tool Vendor (under NDA)
Software Fault PatternsSFP32Multiple binds to the same port
+ Content History
Submissions
Submission DateSubmitterOrganizationSource
Anonymous Tool Vendor (under NDA)Externally Mined
Modifications
Modification DateModifierOrganizationSource
2008-07-01Eric DalciCigitalExternal
updated Time_of_Introduction
2008-09-08CWE Content TeamMITREInternal
updated Common_Consequences, Relationships, Other_Notes, Taxonomy_Mappings
2009-05-27CWE Content TeamMITREInternal
updated Demonstrative_Examples
2009-10-29CWE Content TeamMITREInternal
updated Common_Consequences
2011-06-01CWE Content TeamMITREInternal
updated Common_Consequences, Demonstrative_Examples
2011-06-27CWE Content TeamMITREInternal
updated Common_Consequences
2012-05-11CWE Content TeamMITREInternal
updated Relationships
2012-10-30CWE Content TeamMITREInternal
updated Potential_Mitigations
2014-06-23CWE Content TeamMITREInternal
updated Enabling_Factors_for_Exploitation, Other_Notes
2014-07-30CWE Content TeamMITREInternal
updated Relationships, Taxonomy_Mappings
Previous Entry Names
Change DatePrevious Entry Name
2008-04-11Multiple Binds to Same Port

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Page Last Updated: January 18, 2017