This category represents one of the phyla in the Seven Pernicious Kingdoms vulnerability classification. It includes weaknesses that do not directly introduce a weakness or vulnerability, but indicate that the product has not been carefully developed or maintained. According to the authors of the Seven Pernicious Kingdoms, "Poor code quality leads to unpredictable behavior. From a user's perspective that often manifests itself as poor usability. For an adversary it provides an opportunity to stress the system in unexpected ways."
[REF-6] Katrina Tsipenyuk, Brian Chess
and Gary McGraw. "Seven Pernicious Kingdoms: A Taxonomy of Software Security Errors". IEEE Security and Privacy (Volume: 3, Issue: 6). IEEE. 2005-12-12.