CWE

Common Weakness Enumeration

A Community-Developed List of Software & Hardware Weakness Types

CWE Top 25 Most Dangerous Weaknesses
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ID

CWE VIEW: Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)

View ID: 1026
Type: Graph
Status: Incomplete
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+ Objective
CWE nodes in this view (graph) are associated with the OWASP Top Ten, as released in 2017.
+ Audience
StakeholderDescription
Software DevelopersThis view outlines the most important issues as identified by the OWASP Top Ten (2017 version), providing a good starting point for web application developers who want to code more securely.
Product CustomersThis view outlines the most important issues as identified by the OWASP Top Ten (2017 version), providing product customers with a way of asking their software development teams to follow minimum expectations for secure code.
EducatorsSince the OWASP Top Ten covers the most frequently encountered issues, this view can be used by educators as training material for students.
+ Relationships
The following graph shows the tree-like relationships between weaknesses that exist at different levels of abstraction. At the highest level, categories and pillars exist to group weaknesses. Categories (which are not technically weaknesses) are special CWE entries used to group weaknesses that share a common characteristic. Pillars are weaknesses that are described in the most abstract fashion. Below these top-level entries are weaknesses are varying levels of abstraction. Classes are still very abstract, typically independent of any specific language or technology. Base level weaknesses are used to present a more specific type of weakness. A variant is a weakness that is described at a very low level of detail, typically limited to a specific language or technology. A chain is a set of weaknesses that must be reachable consecutively in order to produce an exploitable vulnerability. While a composite is a set of weaknesses that must all be present simultaneously in order to produce an exploitable vulnerability.
Show Details:
1026 - Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)
+CategoryCategory - a CWE entry that contains a set of other entries that share a common characteristic.OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A1 - Injection - (1027)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1027 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A1 - Injection)
Weaknesses in this category are related to the A1 category in the OWASP Top Ten 2017.
*ClassClass - a weakness that is described in a very abstract fashion, typically independent of any specific language or technology. More specific than a Pillar Weakness, but more general than a Base Weakness. Class level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 1 or 2 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, and resource.Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in a Command ('Command Injection') - (77)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1027 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A1 - Injection) > 77 (Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in a Command ('Command Injection'))
The software constructs all or part of a command using externally-influenced input from an upstream component, but it does not neutralize or incorrectly neutralizes special elements that could modify the intended command when it is sent to a downstream component.
*BaseBase - a weakness that is still mostly independent of a resource or technology, but with sufficient details to provide specific methods for detection and prevention. Base level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 2 or 3 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, technology, language, and resource.Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in an OS Command ('OS Command Injection') - (78)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1027 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A1 - Injection) > 78 (Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in an OS Command ('OS Command Injection'))
The software constructs all or part of an OS command using externally-influenced input from an upstream component, but it does not neutralize or incorrectly neutralizes special elements that could modify the intended OS command when it is sent to a downstream component.Shell injectionShell metacharacters
*BaseBase - a weakness that is still mostly independent of a resource or technology, but with sufficient details to provide specific methods for detection and prevention. Base level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 2 or 3 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, technology, language, and resource.Improper Neutralization of Argument Delimiters in a Command ('Argument Injection') - (88)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1027 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A1 - Injection) > 88 (Improper Neutralization of Argument Delimiters in a Command ('Argument Injection'))
The software constructs a string for a command to executed by a separate component in another control sphere, but it does not properly delimit the intended arguments, options, or switches within that command string.
*BaseBase - a weakness that is still mostly independent of a resource or technology, but with sufficient details to provide specific methods for detection and prevention. Base level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 2 or 3 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, technology, language, and resource.Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in an SQL Command ('SQL Injection') - (89)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1027 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A1 - Injection) > 89 (Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in an SQL Command ('SQL Injection'))
The software constructs all or part of an SQL command using externally-influenced input from an upstream component, but it does not neutralize or incorrectly neutralizes special elements that could modify the intended SQL command when it is sent to a downstream component.
*BaseBase - a weakness that is still mostly independent of a resource or technology, but with sufficient details to provide specific methods for detection and prevention. Base level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 2 or 3 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, technology, language, and resource.Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in an LDAP Query ('LDAP Injection') - (90)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1027 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A1 - Injection) > 90 (Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in an LDAP Query ('LDAP Injection'))
The software constructs all or part of an LDAP query using externally-influenced input from an upstream component, but it does not neutralize or incorrectly neutralizes special elements that could modify the intended LDAP query when it is sent to a downstream component.
*BaseBase - a weakness that is still mostly independent of a resource or technology, but with sufficient details to provide specific methods for detection and prevention. Base level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 2 or 3 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, technology, language, and resource.XML Injection (aka Blind XPath Injection) - (91)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1027 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A1 - Injection) > 91 (XML Injection (aka Blind XPath Injection))
The software does not properly neutralize special elements that are used in XML, allowing attackers to modify the syntax, content, or commands of the XML before it is processed by an end system.
*VariantVariant - a weakness that is linked to a certain type of product, typically involving a specific language or technology. More specific than a Base weakness. Variant level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 3 to 5 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, technology, language, and resource.SQL Injection: Hibernate - (564)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1027 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A1 - Injection) > 564 (SQL Injection: Hibernate)
Using Hibernate to execute a dynamic SQL statement built with user-controlled input can allow an attacker to modify the statement's meaning or to execute arbitrary SQL commands.
*BaseBase - a weakness that is still mostly independent of a resource or technology, but with sufficient details to provide specific methods for detection and prevention. Base level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 2 or 3 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, technology, language, and resource.Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in an Expression Language Statement ('Expression Language Injection') - (917)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1027 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A1 - Injection) > 917 (Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in an Expression Language Statement ('Expression Language Injection'))
The software constructs all or part of an expression language (EL) statement in a Java Server Page (JSP) using externally-influenced input from an upstream component, but it does not neutralize or incorrectly neutralizes special elements that could modify the intended EL statement before it is executed.EL Injection
*ClassClass - a weakness that is described in a very abstract fashion, typically independent of any specific language or technology. More specific than a Pillar Weakness, but more general than a Base Weakness. Class level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 1 or 2 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, and resource.Improper Neutralization of Special Elements in Data Query Logic - (943)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1027 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A1 - Injection) > 943 (Improper Neutralization of Special Elements in Data Query Logic)
The application generates a query intended to access or manipulate data in a data store such as a database, but it does not neutralize or incorrectly neutralizes special elements that can modify the intended logic of the query.
+CategoryCategory - a CWE entry that contains a set of other entries that share a common characteristic.OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A2 - Broken Authentication - (1028)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1028 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A2 - Broken Authentication)
Weaknesses in this category are related to the A2 category in the OWASP Top Ten 2017.
*ClassClass - a weakness that is described in a very abstract fashion, typically independent of any specific language or technology. More specific than a Pillar Weakness, but more general than a Base Weakness. Class level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 1 or 2 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, and resource.Improper Authentication - (287)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1028 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A2 - Broken Authentication) > 287 (Improper Authentication)
When an actor claims to have a given identity, the software does not prove or insufficiently proves that the claim is correct.authentificationAuthNAuthC
*BaseBase - a weakness that is still mostly independent of a resource or technology, but with sufficient details to provide specific methods for detection and prevention. Base level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 2 or 3 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, technology, language, and resource.Plaintext Storage of a Password - (256)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1028 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A2 - Broken Authentication) > 256 (Plaintext Storage of a Password)
Storing a password in plaintext may result in a system compromise.
*BaseBase - a weakness that is still mostly independent of a resource or technology, but with sufficient details to provide specific methods for detection and prevention. Base level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 2 or 3 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, technology, language, and resource.Use of Single-factor Authentication - (308)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1028 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A2 - Broken Authentication) > 308 (Use of Single-factor Authentication)
The use of single-factor authentication can lead to unnecessary risk of compromise when compared with the benefits of a dual-factor authentication scheme.
*CompositeComposite - a Compound Element that consists of two or more distinct weaknesses, in which all weaknesses must be present at the same time in order for a potential vulnerability to arise. Removing any of the weaknesses eliminates or sharply reduces the risk. One weakness, X, can be "broken down" into component weaknesses Y and Z. There can be cases in which one weakness might not be essential to a composite, but changes the nature of the composite when it becomes a vulnerability.Session Fixation - (384)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1028 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A2 - Broken Authentication) > 384 (Session Fixation)
Authenticating a user, or otherwise establishing a new user session, without invalidating any existing session identifier gives an attacker the opportunity to steal authenticated sessions.
*ClassClass - a weakness that is described in a very abstract fashion, typically independent of any specific language or technology. More specific than a Pillar Weakness, but more general than a Base Weakness. Class level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 1 or 2 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, and resource.Insufficiently Protected Credentials - (522)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1028 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A2 - Broken Authentication) > 522 (Insufficiently Protected Credentials)
The product transmits or stores authentication credentials, but it uses an insecure method that is susceptible to unauthorized interception and/or retrieval.
*BaseBase - a weakness that is still mostly independent of a resource or technology, but with sufficient details to provide specific methods for detection and prevention. Base level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 2 or 3 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, technology, language, and resource.Unprotected Transport of Credentials - (523)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1028 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A2 - Broken Authentication) > 523 (Unprotected Transport of Credentials)
Login pages do not use adequate measures to protect the user name and password while they are in transit from the client to the server.
*BaseBase - a weakness that is still mostly independent of a resource or technology, but with sufficient details to provide specific methods for detection and prevention. Base level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 2 or 3 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, technology, language, and resource.Insufficient Session Expiration - (613)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1028 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A2 - Broken Authentication) > 613 (Insufficient Session Expiration)
According to WASC, "Insufficient Session Expiration is when a web site permits an attacker to reuse old session credentials or session IDs for authorization."
*BaseBase - a weakness that is still mostly independent of a resource or technology, but with sufficient details to provide specific methods for detection and prevention. Base level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 2 or 3 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, technology, language, and resource.Unverified Password Change - (620)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1028 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A2 - Broken Authentication) > 620 (Unverified Password Change)
When setting a new password for a user, the product does not require knowledge of the original password, or using another form of authentication.
*BaseBase - a weakness that is still mostly independent of a resource or technology, but with sufficient details to provide specific methods for detection and prevention. Base level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 2 or 3 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, technology, language, and resource.Weak Password Recovery Mechanism for Forgotten Password - (640)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1028 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A2 - Broken Authentication) > 640 (Weak Password Recovery Mechanism for Forgotten Password)
The software contains a mechanism for users to recover or change their passwords without knowing the original password, but the mechanism is weak.
+CategoryCategory - a CWE entry that contains a set of other entries that share a common characteristic.OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A3 - Sensitive Data Exposure - (1029)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1029 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A3 - Sensitive Data Exposure)
Weaknesses in this category are related to the A3 category in the OWASP Top Ten 2017.
*VariantVariant - a weakness that is linked to a certain type of product, typically involving a specific language or technology. More specific than a Base weakness. Variant level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 3 to 5 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, technology, language, and resource.Storage of File With Sensitive Data Under FTP Root - (220)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1029 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A3 - Sensitive Data Exposure) > 220 (Storage of File With Sensitive Data Under FTP Root)
The application stores sensitive data under the FTP server root with insufficient access control, which might make it accessible to untrusted parties.
*BaseBase - a weakness that is still mostly independent of a resource or technology, but with sufficient details to provide specific methods for detection and prevention. Base level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 2 or 3 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, technology, language, and resource.Improper Certificate Validation - (295)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1029 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A3 - Sensitive Data Exposure) > 295 (Improper Certificate Validation)
The software does not validate, or incorrectly validates, a certificate.
*ClassClass - a weakness that is described in a very abstract fashion, typically independent of any specific language or technology. More specific than a Pillar Weakness, but more general than a Base Weakness. Class level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 1 or 2 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, and resource.Missing Encryption of Sensitive Data - (311)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1029 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A3 - Sensitive Data Exposure) > 311 (Missing Encryption of Sensitive Data)
The software does not encrypt sensitive or critical information before storage or transmission.
*BaseBase - a weakness that is still mostly independent of a resource or technology, but with sufficient details to provide specific methods for detection and prevention. Base level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 2 or 3 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, technology, language, and resource.Cleartext Storage of Sensitive Information - (312)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1029 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A3 - Sensitive Data Exposure) > 312 (Cleartext Storage of Sensitive Information)
The application stores sensitive information in cleartext within a resource that might be accessible to another control sphere.
*BaseBase - a weakness that is still mostly independent of a resource or technology, but with sufficient details to provide specific methods for detection and prevention. Base level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 2 or 3 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, technology, language, and resource.Cleartext Transmission of Sensitive Information - (319)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1029 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A3 - Sensitive Data Exposure) > 319 (Cleartext Transmission of Sensitive Information)
The software transmits sensitive or security-critical data in cleartext in a communication channel that can be sniffed by unauthorized actors.
*CategoryCategory - a CWE entry that contains a set of other entries that share a common characteristic.Key Management Errors - (320)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1029 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A3 - Sensitive Data Exposure) > 320 (Key Management Errors)
Weaknesses in this category are related to errors in the management of cryptographic keys.
*BaseBase - a weakness that is still mostly independent of a resource or technology, but with sufficient details to provide specific methods for detection and prevention. Base level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 2 or 3 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, technology, language, and resource.Missing Cryptographic Step - (325)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1029 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A3 - Sensitive Data Exposure) > 325 (Missing Cryptographic Step)
The product does not implement a required step in a cryptographic algorithm, resulting in weaker encryption than advertised by the algorithm.
*ClassClass - a weakness that is described in a very abstract fashion, typically independent of any specific language or technology. More specific than a Pillar Weakness, but more general than a Base Weakness. Class level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 1 or 2 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, and resource.Inadequate Encryption Strength - (326)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1029 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A3 - Sensitive Data Exposure) > 326 (Inadequate Encryption Strength)
The software stores or transmits sensitive data using an encryption scheme that is theoretically sound, but is not strong enough for the level of protection required.
*ClassClass - a weakness that is described in a very abstract fashion, typically independent of any specific language or technology. More specific than a Pillar Weakness, but more general than a Base Weakness. Class level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 1 or 2 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, and resource.Use of a Broken or Risky Cryptographic Algorithm - (327)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1029 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A3 - Sensitive Data Exposure) > 327 (Use of a Broken or Risky Cryptographic Algorithm)
The use of a broken or risky cryptographic algorithm is an unnecessary risk that may result in the exposure of sensitive information.
*BaseBase - a weakness that is still mostly independent of a resource or technology, but with sufficient details to provide specific methods for detection and prevention. Base level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 2 or 3 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, technology, language, and resource.Reversible One-Way Hash - (328)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1029 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A3 - Sensitive Data Exposure) > 328 (Reversible One-Way Hash)
The product uses a hashing algorithm that produces a hash value that can be used to determine the original input, or to find an input that can produce the same hash, more efficiently than brute force techniques.
*BaseBase - a weakness that is still mostly independent of a resource or technology, but with sufficient details to provide specific methods for detection and prevention. Base level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 2 or 3 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, technology, language, and resource.Exposure of Private Personal Information to an Unauthorized Actor - (359)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1029 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A3 - Sensitive Data Exposure) > 359 (Exposure of Private Personal Information to an Unauthorized Actor)
The product does not properly prevent a person's private, personal information from being accessed by actors who either (1) are not explicitly authorized to access the information or (2) do not have the implicit consent of the person about whom the information is collected.Privacy violationPrivacy leakPrivacy leakage
+CategoryCategory - a CWE entry that contains a set of other entries that share a common characteristic.OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A4 - XML External Entities (XXE) - (1030)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1030 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A4 - XML External Entities (XXE))
Weaknesses in this category are related to the A4 category in the OWASP Top Ten 2017.
*BaseBase - a weakness that is still mostly independent of a resource or technology, but with sufficient details to provide specific methods for detection and prevention. Base level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 2 or 3 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, technology, language, and resource.Improper Restriction of XML External Entity Reference - (611)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1030 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A4 - XML External Entities (XXE)) > 611 (Improper Restriction of XML External Entity Reference)
The software processes an XML document that can contain XML entities with URIs that resolve to documents outside of the intended sphere of control, causing the product to embed incorrect documents into its output.XXE
*BaseBase - a weakness that is still mostly independent of a resource or technology, but with sufficient details to provide specific methods for detection and prevention. Base level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 2 or 3 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, technology, language, and resource.Improper Restriction of Recursive Entity References in DTDs ('XML Entity Expansion') - (776)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1030 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A4 - XML External Entities (XXE)) > 776 (Improper Restriction of Recursive Entity References in DTDs ('XML Entity Expansion'))
The software uses XML documents and allows their structure to be defined with a Document Type Definition (DTD), but it does not properly control the number of recursive definitions of entities.XEEBillion Laughs AttackXML Bomb
+CategoryCategory - a CWE entry that contains a set of other entries that share a common characteristic.OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A5 - Broken Access Control - (1031)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1031 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A5 - Broken Access Control)
Weaknesses in this category are related to the A5 category in the OWASP Top Ten 2017.
*BaseBase - a weakness that is still mostly independent of a resource or technology, but with sufficient details to provide specific methods for detection and prevention. Base level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 2 or 3 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, technology, language, and resource.Improper Limitation of a Pathname to a Restricted Directory ('Path Traversal') - (22)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1031 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A5 - Broken Access Control) > 22 (Improper Limitation of a Pathname to a Restricted Directory ('Path Traversal'))
The software uses external input to construct a pathname that is intended to identify a file or directory that is located underneath a restricted parent directory, but the software does not properly neutralize special elements within the pathname that can cause the pathname to resolve to a location that is outside of the restricted directory.Directory traversalPath traversal
*PillarPillar - a weakness that is the most abstract type of weakness and represents a theme for all class/base/variant weaknesses related to it. A Pillar is different from a Category as a Pillar is still technically a type of weakness that describes a mistake, while a Category represents a common characteristic used to group related things.Improper Access Control - (284)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1031 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A5 - Broken Access Control) > 284 (Improper Access Control)
The software does not restrict or incorrectly restricts access to a resource from an unauthorized actor.Authorization
*ClassClass - a weakness that is described in a very abstract fashion, typically independent of any specific language or technology. More specific than a Pillar Weakness, but more general than a Base Weakness. Class level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 1 or 2 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, and resource.Improper Authorization - (285)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1031 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A5 - Broken Access Control) > 285 (Improper Authorization)
The software does not perform or incorrectly performs an authorization check when an actor attempts to access a resource or perform an action.AuthZ
*BaseBase - a weakness that is still mostly independent of a resource or technology, but with sufficient details to provide specific methods for detection and prevention. Base level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 2 or 3 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, technology, language, and resource.Direct Request ('Forced Browsing') - (425)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1031 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A5 - Broken Access Control) > 425 (Direct Request ('Forced Browsing'))
The web application does not adequately enforce appropriate authorization on all restricted URLs, scripts, or files.forced browsing
*BaseBase - a weakness that is still mostly independent of a resource or technology, but with sufficient details to provide specific methods for detection and prevention. Base level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 2 or 3 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, technology, language, and resource.Authorization Bypass Through User-Controlled Key - (639)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1031 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A5 - Broken Access Control) > 639 (Authorization Bypass Through User-Controlled Key)
The system's authorization functionality does not prevent one user from gaining access to another user's data or record by modifying the key value identifying the data.Insecure Direct Object Reference / IDORBroken Object Level Authorization / BOLAHorizontal Authorization
+CategoryCategory - a CWE entry that contains a set of other entries that share a common characteristic.OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A6 - Security Misconfiguration - (1032)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1032 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A6 - Security Misconfiguration)
Weaknesses in this category are related to the A6 category in the OWASP Top Ten 2017.
*CategoryCategory - a CWE entry that contains a set of other entries that share a common characteristic.Configuration - (16)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1032 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A6 - Security Misconfiguration) > 16 (Configuration)
Weaknesses in this category are typically introduced during the configuration of the software.
*BaseBase - a weakness that is still mostly independent of a resource or technology, but with sufficient details to provide specific methods for detection and prevention. Base level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 2 or 3 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, technology, language, and resource.Generation of Error Message Containing Sensitive Information - (209)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1032 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A6 - Security Misconfiguration) > 209 (Generation of Error Message Containing Sensitive Information)
The software generates an error message that includes sensitive information about its environment, users, or associated data.
*VariantVariant - a weakness that is linked to a certain type of product, typically involving a specific language or technology. More specific than a Base weakness. Variant level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 3 to 5 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, technology, language, and resource.Exposure of Information Through Directory Listing - (548)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1032 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A6 - Security Misconfiguration) > 548 (Exposure of Information Through Directory Listing)
A directory listing is inappropriately exposed, yielding potentially sensitive information to attackers.
+CategoryCategory - a CWE entry that contains a set of other entries that share a common characteristic.OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A7 - Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) - (1033)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1033 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A7 - Cross-Site Scripting (XSS))
Weaknesses in this category are related to the A7 category in the OWASP Top Ten 2017.
*BaseBase - a weakness that is still mostly independent of a resource or technology, but with sufficient details to provide specific methods for detection and prevention. Base level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 2 or 3 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, technology, language, and resource.Improper Neutralization of Input During Web Page Generation ('Cross-site Scripting') - (79)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1033 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A7 - Cross-Site Scripting (XSS)) > 79 (Improper Neutralization of Input During Web Page Generation ('Cross-site Scripting'))
The software does not neutralize or incorrectly neutralizes user-controllable input before it is placed in output that is used as a web page that is served to other users.XSSHTML InjectionCSS
+CategoryCategory - a CWE entry that contains a set of other entries that share a common characteristic.OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A8 - Insecure Deserialization - (1034)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1034 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A8 - Insecure Deserialization)
Weaknesses in this category are related to the A8 category in the OWASP Top Ten 2017.
*BaseBase - a weakness that is still mostly independent of a resource or technology, but with sufficient details to provide specific methods for detection and prevention. Base level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 2 or 3 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, technology, language, and resource.Deserialization of Untrusted Data - (502)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1034 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A8 - Insecure Deserialization) > 502 (Deserialization of Untrusted Data)
The application deserializes untrusted data without sufficiently verifying that the resulting data will be valid.Marshaling, UnmarshalingPickling, UnpicklingPHP Object Injection
*CategoryCategory - a CWE entry that contains a set of other entries that share a common characteristic.OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A9 - Using Components with Known Vulnerabilities - (1035)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1035 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A9 - Using Components with Known Vulnerabilities)
Weaknesses in this category are related to the A9 category in the OWASP Top Ten 2017.
+CategoryCategory - a CWE entry that contains a set of other entries that share a common characteristic.OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A10 - Insufficient Logging & Monitoring - (1036)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1036 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A10 - Insufficient Logging & Monitoring)
Weaknesses in this category are related to the A10 category in the OWASP Top Ten 2017.
*BaseBase - a weakness that is still mostly independent of a resource or technology, but with sufficient details to provide specific methods for detection and prevention. Base level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 2 or 3 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, technology, language, and resource.Omission of Security-relevant Information - (223)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1036 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A10 - Insufficient Logging & Monitoring) > 223 (Omission of Security-relevant Information)
The application does not record or display information that would be important for identifying the source or nature of an attack, or determining if an action is safe.
*BaseBase - a weakness that is still mostly independent of a resource or technology, but with sufficient details to provide specific methods for detection and prevention. Base level weaknesses typically describe issues in terms of 2 or 3 of the following dimensions: behavior, property, technology, language, and resource.Insufficient Logging - (778)
1026 (Weaknesses in OWASP Top Ten (2017)) > 1036 (OWASP Top Ten 2017 Category A10 - Insufficient Logging & Monitoring) > 778 (Insufficient Logging)
When a security-critical event occurs, the software either does not record the event or omits important details about the event when logging it.
+ Notes

Relationship

The relationships in this view have been pulled directly from the 2017 OWASP Top 10 document, either from the explicit mapping section, or from weakness types alluded to in the written sections.
+ References
[REF-957] "Top 10 2017". OWASP. 2017-04-12. <https://owasp.org/www-pdf-archive/OWASP_Top_10-2017_%28en%29.pdf.pdf>.
+ View Metrics
CWEs in this viewTotal CWEs
Weaknesses41out of 922
Categories12out of 316
Views0out of 44
Total53out of1282
+ Content History
+ Submissions
Submission DateSubmitterOrganization
2013-07-16CWE Content TeamMITRE
+ Modifications
Modification DateModifierOrganization
2017-11-08CWE Content TeamMITRE
updated References
2020-02-24CWE Content TeamMITRE
updated References, View_Audience
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Page Last Updated: July 20, 2021